Computer-Aided Exercises in Civil Procedure
seventh Edition
Roger C. Park, Douglas D. McFarland
Roger C. Park, Douglas D. McFarland
Civil law
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Computer-Aided Exercises in Civil Procedure

About the Book

The sixth edition, first published as an ebook, and this seventh edition carry forward the philosophy and structure of the earlier editions. This book is not a comprehensive treatise on the subject of civil procedure, yet it provides a mixture of expository text, cases, and self-testing questions in nearly all of the major areas of the subject.

In order to maximize accessibility, flexibility, and compatibility of the book, the authors have chosen CALI’s eLangdell Press to publish and distribute the sixth edition (as chapters) and this revised seventh (as a complete book) electronically with a Creative Commons license. Publishing a law textbook electronically with far fewer restrictions than most commercial books and using a somewhat new, boutique outfit such as eLangdell Press is an unconventional choice, to say the least. But the authors share the eLangdell vision of more flexible teaching materials for professors and more cost-effective books for students. Professors may now edit and remix this work to match their teaching without worry of copyright infringement. Students may now adopt this book, read it using any number of software or devices, and even print it - all for free. The book’s authors, like its publishers, believe that this new book model represents an important and long overdue step forward in the way law school books are published.

All the exercises have been substantially revised for this edition. The individual exercises also are reorganized and expanded so that they follow a more standardized pattern: expository text on the topic area, work-book questions, and introduction to the related online CALI lessons.

This book, and the accompanying interactive exercises known as CALI Lessons available online through the Center for Computer-Assisted Legal Instruction (CALI) at www.cali.org, are intended to provide a challenging educational experience. For each exercise, students should read the text in this book and answer the questions before accessing the rest of the exercise online.

Professors choosing to assign only some of the exercises - or students looking for additional work only in certain areas of the subject - may especially want to consider these exercises and lessons:

1.Exercise Two: Jurisdiction (Jurisdiction & Venue and Jurisdiction Over the Person);

2.Exercise Three: Pleading a Complaint;

3.Exercise Five: Motions to Dismiss and Waiver under Federal Rule 12;

4.Exercise Six: Joinder and Supplemental Jurisdiction (An Exercise in Civil Procedure, Review of Joinder Concepts, Joinder of Claims and Parties, and An Interpleader Primer);

5.Exercise Eight: Summary Judgment; and

6.Exercise Eleven: Preclusion.

Additionally, Exercise One: Holding and Dicta in the Context of a Diversity Case is an excellent introduction to legal method.

The first two editions of this book, by Roger Park, included Exercise One: Holding and Dicta in the Context of a Diversity Case, Exercise Two: Jurisdiction, Exercise Three: Pleading a Complaint, Exercise Four: Demurrers and Judgments on the Pleadings, Exercise Five: Motions to Dismiss and Waiver Under Rule 12, Exercise Nine: Judgment as a Matter of Law, and Exercise Ten: Evidence for Civil Procedure Students. For the last five editions of this book, Douglas McFarland has edited the above exercises and added Exercise Six: Joinder and Supplemental Jurisdiction, Exercise Seven: Discovery, Exercise Eight: Summary Judgment, and Exercise Eleven: Preclusion. Accordingly, the book has become more comprehensive, expanding from seven to eleven exercises. Of course, each new edition incorporates changes and updates in procedural law.

All of the information necessary to prepare for an interactive exercise is contained in this book. Reference to additional materials may be useful, but is not necessary. Each exercise can be assigned separately. No exercise is a prerequisite for another. In fact, students will find the expository material and work-book questions in each exercise independently valuable even without completing the CALI lesson for that chapter. The CALI lessons are valuable either to provide additional understanding and self-testing of subjects discussed in class or as primary substitutes for areas not covered in depth in class.

In general, the interactive, online exercises follow a non-linear branching format. They seek to present challenges and questions instead of rote learning or leading students through an error-free educational experience. Although the exercises eventually evaluate student answers, they sometimes eschew immediate feedback in favor of the development of a line of questions. The ideal is the creation of a classroom-like Socratic dialogue. For a description of general goals and educational theory of the exercises, see Roger C. Park & Russell Burris, Computer-Aided Legal Instruction in Law: Theories, Techniques, and Trepidations, 1978 Am. B. Found. Res. J. 1. This book and accompanying exercises cannot reproduce the spontaneity and flexibility of the live classroom, but they can be a useful supplement. They require an active learning process in which students respond to questions dozens of times during each hour of instruction, and receive prompt evaluation of their answers.

Another benefit of computer-aided instruction—and the phrase “computer-aided” is used loosely here and in the title of this book; the exercises are compatible with many non-computer devices such as tablets and smartphones—is its “individualized” nature. Law professors and students should not take this literally, however. Surveys administered at several law schools indicate that an overwhelming majority of students believe that the exercises are more valuable when done in pairs or threes instead of alone. Students who do the exercises with a partner are more likely to consider their responses carefully and to enjoy the experience. They also have lively discussions about what their response should be and why the computer responded as it did.

As with previous editions, we continue to welcome and solicit comments from professors and students about the book and the accompanying exercises.


Roger C. Park and Douglas D. McFarland, Computer-Aided Exercises in Civil Procedure, Published by CALI eLangdell Press. Available under a Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 3.0 License.

CALI® and eLangdell® are United States federally registered trademarks owned by the Center for Computer-Assisted Legal Instruction. The cover art design is a copyrighted work of CALI, all rights reserved. The CALI graphical logo is a trademark and may not be used without permission.

Should you create derivative works based on the text of this book or other Creative Commons materials therein, you may not use this book’s cover art and the aforementioned logos, or any derivative thereof, to imply endorsement or otherwise without written permission from CALI.

© 2018 CALI eLangdell Press, www.cali.org. Subject to an Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike CC BY-NC-SA

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About the Contributors


Roger C. Park is the co-author of the Waltz & Park Evidence casebook, the author of a textbook on evidence (Trial Objections) and the author of numerous articles in law journals. He has also co-authored interdisciplinary journal articles on law and psychology. He is the past chair of the Evidence Section of the American Association of Law Schools. 

Professor Park has written over a dozen computer lessons on evidence, civil procedure (with Doug McFarland) and professional responsibility (with Kenneth Kirwin). His evidence lessons won the EDUCOM Higher Education Software award in 1991.

Formerly the Fredrikson & Byron Professor of Law at the University of Minnesota, Professor Park is now the James Edgar Hervey Professor of Law at Hastings College of the Law, University of California. He has also taught as a visiting professor at Boston University Law School, Michigan Law School, and Stanford Law School and as an adjunct at Wellesley College.


Table Of Contents
  • Introduction - Computer-Aided Exercises in Civil Procedure
    • Introduction.1 - Notices
    • Introduction.2 - About CALI eLangdell Press
    • Introduction.3 - Preface
  • Chapter One - Exercise One - Holding and Dicta in the Context of a Diversity Case
    • 1.1 - Of Stare Decisis, Holding, and Dicta
      • 1.1.1 - The Law of Stare Decisis
      • 1.1.2 - The Concepts of Holding and Dictum
      • 1.1.3 - Stating the Holding of a Case in Class
    • 1.2 - Written Exercise: Stating the Holding of a Case
      • 1.2.1 - Authors' Evaluation of the Statements of the Mottley Holding
    • 1.3 - Computer–Aided Exercise: Baker v. Keck
  • Chapter Two - Exercise Two - Jurisdiction
    • 2.1 - The law of jurisdiction
      • 2.1.1 - Types of Jurisdiction
      • 2.1.2 - Subject Matter Jurisdiction
      • 2.1.3 - Personal Jurisdiction
      • 2.1.4 - Notice and Opportunity to Be Heard
      • 2.1.5 - Venue
    • 2.2 - Questions on Jurisdiction
      • 2.2.1 - Subject Matter Jurisdiction
      • 2.2.2 - Personal Jurisdiction
      • 2.2.3 - Notice and Opportunity to Be Heard
      • 2.2.4 - Venue
    • 2.3 - Computer Exercises
      • 2.3.1 - CALI CIV 03: Jurisdiction and Venue
      • 2.3.2 - CALI CIV 19: Jurisdiction Over the Person
  • Chapter Three - Exercise Three - Pleading a Complaint
    • 3.1 - History of pleading
      • 3.1.1 - Pleading under the Common Law
      • 3.1.2 - Pleading under the Codes
      • 3.1.3 - Pleading under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
    • 3.2 - Drafting a Complaint under the Federal Rules
      • 3.2.1 - Form of the Complaint
      • 3.2.2 - Content of the Complaint
    • 3.3 - An Exercise In Drafting A Complaint for Defamation under the Federal Rules: CALI Civ 01
      • 3.3.1 - Facts of the Case
      • 3.3.2 - Substantive Law of Defamation
      • 3.3.3 - Procedural Law: the Burden of Pleading
      • 3.3.4 - Preliminary Questions
  • Chapter Four - Exercise Four - Demurrers and Judgments on the Pleadings
    • 4.1 - Substantive Law
    • 4.2 - Procedural law
      • 4.2.1 - Burden of Pleading
      • 4.2.2 - Sequence of Code Pleadings and Motions
      • 4.2.3 - The General Demurrer
      • 4.2.4 - The Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings
    • 4.3 - Preliminary Questions
      • 4.3.1 - Part One—Demurrer
      • 4.3.2 - Part Two—Judgments on the Pleadings
  • Chapter Five - Exercise Five - Motions to Dismiss and Waiver under Federal Rule 12
    • 5.1 - Raising, and Waiving, Rule 12 Defenses
      • 5.1.1 - The Federal Rule 12(b) Defenses
    • 5.2 - Written Exercise
    • 5.3 - Computer Exercise: CALI Civ 09
  • Chapter Six - Exercise Six - Joinder and Supplemental Jurisdiction
    • 6.1 - Introduction
      • 6.1.1 - Joinder Devices Available under the Federal Rules
      • 6.1.2 - Supplemental Jurisdiction
    • 6.2 - The Joinder Devices
      • 6.2.1 - Claims
      • 6.2.2 - Counterclaims
      • 6.2.3 - Crossclaims
      • 6.2.4 - Third-Party Claims [Also Known as Impleader]
      • 6.2.5 - Joinder of Parties
      • 6.2.6 - Intervention
      • 6.2.7 - Interpleader
    • 6.3 - Questions on Joinder
      • 6.3.1 - Counterclaims
      • 6.3.2 - Crossclaims
      • 6.3.3 - Third-party claims
      • 6.3.4 - Joinder of Parties
      • 6.3.5 - Intervention
      • 6.3.6 - Interpleader
    • 6.4 - Computer Exercises
      • 6.4.1 - CALI CIV 11: A Review of Joinder Concepts
      • 6.4.2 - CALI CIV 18: Joinder of Claims and Parties
      • 6.4.3 - CALI CIV 21: An Interpleader Primer
  • Chapter Seven - Exercise Seven - Discovery
    • 7.1 - Discovery under the federal rules
      • 7.1.1 - Philosophy
      • 7.1.2 - Scope of Discovery
      • 7.1.3 - Required Disclosures
      • 7.1.4 - Discovery Devices
      • 7.1.5 - Sanctions for Failure to Make Discovery
    • 7.2 - Questions on Discovery
      • 7.2.1 - Philosophy of Discovery Under the Federal Rules
      • 7.2.2 - Scope of Discovery
      • 7.2.3 - Discovery Devices
    • 7.3 - Computer Exercise
  • Chapter Eight - Exercise Eight - Summary Judgment
    • 8.1 - The law of summary judgment
      • 8.1.1 - Federal Rule 56
      • 8.1.2 - Supreme Court Interpretation of Federal Rule 56
    • 8.2 - Computer Exercise: CALI CIV 13
      • 8.2.1 - The Law of Battery
      • 8.2.2 - The Facts of the Case
      • 8.2.3 - Questions
  • Chapter Nine - Exercise Nine - Judgment as a Matter of Law
    • 9.1 - Judgment as a matter of law
      • 9.1.1 - Controlling the Jury
      • 9.1.2 - Judgment as a Matter of Law
    • 9.2 - Computer Exercise: CALI CIV 04
      • 9.2.1 - Introductory Note
      • 9.2.2 - Cases and Questions
  • Chapter Ten - Exercise Ten - Evidence for Civil Procedure Students
    • 10.1 - Some Basic Evidence Rules
      • 10.1.1 - The Requirement of Personal Knowledge
      • 10.1.2 - The Hearsay Rule and Its Exceptions
      • 10.1.3 - Relevancy and Its Counterweights
      • 10.1.4 - The Opinion Rule
      • 10.1.5 - Lawyer–Client Privilege
      • 10.1.6 - The Best Evidence Rule
      • 10.1.7 - Leading Questions
    • 10.2 - Computer Exercise: CALI CIV 06
      • 10.2.1 - General Instructions
      • 10.2.2 - Background Facts About the Lawsuit
      • 10.2.3 - Display One and Display Two
  • Chapter Eleven - Exercise Eleven - Preclusion
    • 11.1 - Introduction
      • 11.1.1 - Overview
      • 11.1.2 - Policy
      • 11.1.3 - Affirmative Defense
    • 11.2 - The Preclusion Doctrines
      • 11.2.1 - Claim Preclusion
      • 11.2.2 - Issue Preclusion
      • 11.2.3 - Exceptions to Preclusion
    • 11.3 - Questions on Preclusion
      • 11.3.1 - Claim Preclusion
      • 11.3.2 - Issue Preclusion
    • 11.4 - Computer Exercise: CALI CIV 17